Please see below the references and research that have been used to develop a Journey To Fullness: 

  1. Ahern AL, Bennett KM, Hetherington MM. Internalization of the ultra-thin ideal: positive implicit associations with underweight fashion models are associated with drive for thinness in young women. Eat Disord. 2008;16:294–307.

  2. Alexandra E et al (2020) “Depressive symptoms rather than executive functioning predict group cognitive behavioural therapy outcome in binge eating disorder” European Eating Disorder Review: 28 (6): 620-632

  3. Andersen, B., Rasmussen, P.H. Transdiagnostic group therapy for people with self- critic and low self esteem, based on compassion focused therapy principles. J of Compassionate Health Care 4, 14 (2017).

  4. Ata RN, Ludden AB, Lally MM. The effects of gender and family, friend, and media influences on eating behaviors and body image during adolescence. J Youth Adolesc. 2007;36:1024–37.

  5. Becker AE, Arrindell AH, Perloe A, Fay K, Striegel-Moore RH. A qualitative study of perceived social barriers to care for eating disorders: perspectives from ethnically diverse health care consumers. Int J Eat Disord. 2010;43:633–47.

  6. Blodgett Salafia, E.H., Jones, M.E., Haugen, E.C. et al. Perceptions of the causes of eating disorders: a comparison of individuals with and without eating disorders. J Eat Disord 3, 32 (2015).

  7. Bloom, L., Brennan, L., Shelton, B. et al. Psychosocial outcomes of a non-dieting based positive body image community program for overweight adults: a pilot study. J Eat Disord 1, O55 (2013).

  8. Bluemel, S., Menne, D., Milos, G. et al. Relationship of body weight with gastrointestinal motor and sensory function: studies in anorexia nervosa and obesity. BMC Gastroenterol 17, 4 (2017).

  9. Bomba M, Corbetta F, Gambera A, Nicosia F, Bonini L, Tremolizzo L, Nacinovich R: Heart rate variability in adolescents with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea and anorexia nervosa. Psychiatry Res. 2013

  10. Brownley. A et al (2016) “Binge-Eating Disorder in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis” Annual of International Medicine’ 165 (6): 409-420

  11. Cameron, O. (2001). Interoception: the inside story - a model for psychosomatic processes. Psychosom. Med. 63, 697–710. doi: 10.1097/00006842-200109000-00001

  12. Camppbell S et al (2019) “Balancing Feminine and Masculine Energy” Southeast of New Directions in Contemportary and Modern Art in Asia; 3(1): 201-213

  13. Carlos M (2020) “Randomized Controlled Trial of Behavioral Weight Loss and Stepped Care for Binge-Eating Disorder: 12-Month Follow-up” Obesity Silver Spring, 28(11) 2116-2124

  14. Chaudhury (2020) Recovering with nature, Frontiers in public health, 8: 604440.

  15. Cheung, Y.T.D., Lee, A.M., Ho, S.Y. et al. Who wants a slimmer body? The relationship between body weight status, education level and body shape dissatisfaction among young adults in Hong Kong. BMC Public Health 11, 835 (2011).

  16. Costa R (2017) Systematic review: exercise - induced gastrointestinal syndrome - implications for health and intestinal disease, Alimentary pharmacology and therapeutics,

  17. Craig, A. D. (2002). How do you feel? Interoception: the sense of the physiological condition of the body. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 3, 655–666. doi: 10.1038/nrn894

  18. Crisp, A. H., Hsu, L. K. G., Harding, B., & Hartshorn, J. (1980). Clinical features of anorexia nervosa: A study of a consecutive series of 102 female patients. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 24(3), 179-191.

  19. Cusin, C., Dougherty, D.D. Erratum to: Somatic therapies for treatment-resistant depression: ECT, TMS, VNS, DBS. Biol Mood Anxiety Disord 3, 1 (2013).

  20. Dieurez P, Brain Stimulation in Eating Disorders: State of the Art and Future Perspectives, Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2020, 9(8), 2358;

  21. Dingemans A et al (2017) “Emotion Regulation in Binge Eating Disorder: A Review

  22. Dol, A., Bode, C., Velthuijsen, H. et al. Application of three different coaching strategies through a virtual coach for people with emotional eating: a vignette study. J Eat Disord 9, 13 (2021).

  23. Dubois L, Ohm Kyvik K, Girard M, Tatone-Tokuda F, Perusse D, Hjelmborg J, et al. Genetic and environmental contributions to weight, height, and BMI from birth to 19 years of age: an international study of over 12,000 twin pairs.

  24. Easter MM. “Not all my fault”: genetics, stigma, and personal responsibility for women with eating disorders. Soc Sci Med. 2012;75:1408–16.

  25. Effects of cognitive behavioral and psychodynamic-interpersonal treatments for eating disorders: A meta-analytic inquiry into the role of patient characteristics, and change in eating disorder-specific and general psychopathology in remission [Internet]. PROSPERO: International prospective register of systematic reviews. 2020

  26. Erica M et al (2016) “” Clinical psychological review: 44: 125-139

  27. Espeset EMS, Gulliksen KS, Nordb RHS, Skarderud F, Holte A. The link between negative emotions and eating disorder behaviour in patients with anorexia nervosa. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2012;20(6):451–60.

  28. Fairburn CG. Cognitive behavior therapy and eating disorders, vol. xii. New York: Guilford Press; 2008. p. 324.

  29. Fairburn, (2008) Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Eating Disorders, Guildford Publications

  30. Farb, N. A. (2015). Interoception, contemplative practice and health. Front. Psychol. 6:763. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00763

  31. Franko, D., Gattario, K.H., Frisen, A. et al. How is masculinity related to body image? A cross-cultural investigation. J Eat Disord 1, O48 (2013).

  32. Garner, D. M. (1997). Psychoeducational principles in treatment. In D. M. Garner & P. E. Garfinkel (Eds.), Handbook of treatment for eating disorders (pp. 147-177). New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.

  33. Garner, D. M., & Garfinkel, P. E. (1985). Handbook of psychotherapy for anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Guilford Press.

  34. Gilisnti K et al (2021) “The feasibility of emotion-focused therapy for binge-eating disorder: a pilot randomised wait-list control trial” Journal of Eating Disorders 9:2

  35. Gross, J. J. (2001). Emotion regulation in adulthood: Timing is everything. Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 10, 214–219. doi: 10.1111/1467-8721.00152

  36. Harrison K. Media, Body Image, and Eating Disorders. The Routledge International Handbook of Children, Adolescents and Media. doi:10.4324/9780203366981.ch27

  37. Haworth-Hoeppner S. The critical shapes of body image: the role of culture and family in the production of eating disorders. J Marriage Fam. 2000;62:212–27.

  38. Hogan MJ, Strasburger V (2008). Body image, eating disorders, and the media. Adolescent medicine: state of the art reviews.

  39. Kalm, L. M., & Semba, R. D. (2005). They starved so that others be better fed: remembering Ancel Keys and the Minnesota experiment. The Journal of nutrition, 135(6), 1347-1352.

  40. Katterman S, Mindfulness meditation as an intervention for binge eating, emotional eating, and weight loss: a systematic review, Eating Behaviours, 2014 Apr;15(2):197-204. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.01.005. .

  41. Kaye WH. Neurobiology of anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Physiology and Behavior. 2008;94:121-135. DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2007.11.037

  42. Keery H, Eisenberg M, Boutelle K, Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M. Relationships between maternal and adolescent weight-related behaviors and concerns: the role of perception. J Psychosom Res. 2006;61:105–11.

  43. Keery H, Eisenberg M, Boutelle K, Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M. Relationships between maternal and adolescent weight-related behaviors and concerns: the role of perception. J Psychosom Res. 2006;61:105–11.

  44. Keys, A. (2005). The biology of human starvation, (Vols. 1–2). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

  45. Kiezebrink K,(2005). Evidence of complex involvement of serotonergic genes with restrictive and binge/purge subtypes of anorexia nervosa. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. 2010;11:824-833. DOI: 10.3109/15622975.2010.484550

  46. Kluck AS. Family factors in the development of disordered eating: integrating dynamic and behavioral explanations. Eat Behav. 2008;9:471–83.

  47. Konttinen, H., van Strien, T., Männistö, S. et al. Depression, emotional eating and long-term weight changes: a population-based prospective study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 16, 28 (2019).

  48. Leon GR, Fulkerson JA, Perry CL, Keel PK, Klump KL. Three to four year prospective evaluation of personality and behavioral risk factors for later disordered eating in adolescent girls and boys. J Youth Adolesc. 1999;28:181–96.

  49. Lewer M et al (2017) Different Facets of Body Image Disturbance in Binge Eating Disorder: A Review ​Published online; doi: 10.3390/nu9121294

  50. Li, M., Chan, C., Chan, C. et al. P04.78. Development of an integrative service model for dysthymia patients with body-mind-spirit approach in Chinese medicine clinics in Hong Kong. BMC Complement Altern Med 12, P348 (2012).

  51. Linardon J, Brennan L. The effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders on quality of life: a meta-analysis. Int J Eat Disord. 2017;50(7):715–30.

  52. Markus CM (2008). Dietary amino acids and brain serotonin function: Implications for stress-related affective changes. Neuromolecular Medicine.;10:247-258. DOI: 10.1007/s12017-008-8039-9

  53. Martin, R., Prichard, I., Hutchinson, A.D. et al. Exercise and eating behaviour: the role of mindfulness. J Eat Disord 1, O24 (2013).

  54. Meers, R., Lyons, G. An exploration of relaxation and meditation practices in the management of eating disorders. J Eat Disord 2, P7 (2014).

  55. Melville, G., Chang, D., Colagiuri, B. et al. P02.16. Fifteen minutes of yoga postures or guided meditation in the office can elicit psychological and physiological relaxation. BMC Complement Altern Med 12, P72 (2012).

  56. Mischke-Reeds, Manuela (2018) Somatic Psychotherapy Toolbox: 125 Worksheets and Exercises to Treat Trauma & Stress 125 Worksheets and Exercises to Treat Trauma & Stress; PESI, place

  57. Mitchell J (2008) Binge Eating Disorder, Clinical Foundations and Treatment. Guildford Publishing

  58. Moberg, L.T., Solvang, B., Sæle, R.G. et al. Effects of cognitive-behavioral and psychodynamic-interpersonal treatments for eating disorders: a meta-analytic inquiry into the role of patient characteristics and change in eating disorder-specific and general psychopathology in remission. J Eat Disord 9, 74 (2021).

  59. Mond JM, Hay PJ, Rodgers B, Owen C, Beumont PJ. Beliefs of women concerning causes and risk factors for bulimia nervosa. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2004;38:463–9.

  60. Murphyey, Rebecca et al (2010) “Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Eating Disorders”, The Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 33 (3): 611.627

  61. Nilsson K, Abrahamsson E, Torbiornsson A, Hägglöf B. Causes of adolescent onset anorexia nervosa: patient perspectives. Eat Disord. 2007;15:125–33.

  62. ørensen K, Van Den Broucke S, Fullam J, Doyle G, Pelikan J. Health literacy and public health: a systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:80.

  63. Paphan T (2016) “A Model of Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Vaso-Vagal Responses Produced by Vestibulo-Sympathetic Activation, Front Neurosceince 10:96

  64. Patching J, Lawler J. Understanding women’s experiences of developing an eating disorder and recovering: a life-history approach. Nurs Inq. 2009;16:10–21.

  65. Pepin, G., Endresz, N. If it's on Facebook, it must be true! Body image and social media. J Eat Disord 2, P6 (2014).

  66. Porges S (2009) “Th Polyvagal theory: new insights into the adaptive reactions of the autonomic nervous system” Cleave clinical journal of Medicine: 76 Supplement 2: 86-90

  67. Porges s (2021) “Polyvagal theory: a biobehavioral journey to sociality, Comprehensive Psychoneuroendorinology: 7: 1000069

  68. Porges, S (2006) The Polyvagal perspective, Biological Psychology : 74(2): 116-143

  69. Rodriguez-Ruiz S, Ruiz-Padial E, Vera N, Fernandez C, Anllo-Vento L, Vila J: Effect of heart rate variability on defensive reaction and eating disorder symptomatology in chocolate cravers. Psychophysiology. 2009, 23 (3): 95-103. 10.1027/0269-8803.23.3.95.

  70. Rossotto E, Rorty-Greenfield M, Yager J. What causes and maintains bulimia nervosa? Recovered and nonrecovered women's reflections on the disorder. Eat Disord: J Treat Prev. 1996;4:115–27.

  71. Ryan, L., Bore, M., Dyer, S. et al. CBT-E informed practice in an adult outpatient service: How effective is it in a real world setting?. J Eat Disord 3, O2 (2015).

  72. Santomauro D et al, (2019) @The hidden burden of eating disorders: an extension of estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019” Lancet Psychiatry; 8(4): 320–328

  73. Schore AN. Advances in neuropsychoanalysis, attachment theory, and trauma research: implications for self psychology. Psychoanal Inq. 2002;22(3):433–84.

  74. Scolnick, B., Mostofsky, D.I. & Keane, R.J. Pilot study employing heart rate variability biofeedback training to decrease anxiety in patients with eating disorders. J Eat Disord 2, 17 (2014).

  75. Segal ZV, Williams JMG, Teasdale J. Mindfulness cognitive therapy for depression. A new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford; 2002.

  76. Serpell L, Treasure J. Bulimia nervosa: friend or foe? The pros and cons of bulimia nervosa. Int J Eat Disord. 2002;32(2):164–70.

  77. Stice E. Risk and maintenance factors for eating pathology: a meta-analytic review. Psychol Bull. 2002;128:825–48.

  78. Strober M,(2001) Males with anorexia nervosa: A controlled study of eating disorders in first-degree relatives. International Journal of Eating Disorders.;29:263-269. DOI: 10.1002/eat.1017

  79. Summers (2018) Ecotherapy, A forgotten eco system, Frontiers in psychology, 9: 1389.

  80. Svendsen, M.T., Bak, C.K., Sørensen, K. et al. Associations of health literacy with socioeconomic position, health risk behavior, and health status: a large national population-based survey among Danish adults. BMC Public Health 20, 565 (2020).

  81. Thompson RA, Sherman R. Reflections on athletes and eating disorders. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2014;15:729–34.

  82. Tozzi F, Sullivan PF, Fear JL, McKenzie J, Bulik CM. Causes and recovery in anorexia nervosa: the patient's perspective. Int J Eat Disord. 2003;33:143–54.

  83. Treuer T, Koperdák M, Rózsa S, Füredi J. The impact of physical and sexual abuse on body image in eating disorders. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2005;13:106–11.

  84. Tucker, T. (2007). The great starvation experiment: Ancel Keys and the men who starved for science.Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

  85. Tylka TL. The relation between body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptomatology: an analysis of moderating variables. J Couns Psychol. 2004;51:178–91.

  86. Vincent MA, McCabe MP. Gender differences among adolescents in family, and peer influences on body dissatisfaction, weight loss, and binge eating behaviors. J Youth Adolesc. 2000;29:205–21.

  87. Vitousek K, Watson S, Wilson GT. Enhancing motivation for change in treatment-resistant eating disorders. Clin Psychol Rev. 1998;18(4):391–420.

  88. Vogele C, Hilbert A, Tuschen-Caffier B: Dietary restriction, cardiac autonomic regulation and stress reactivity in bulimic women. Physiol Behav. 2009, 98 (1–2): 229-234.

  89. Wagner A, Greer P, Bailer UF, Frank GK, Henry SE, Putnam K, et al. Normal brain tissue volumes after long-term recovery in anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Biological Psychiatry. 2006;59:291-293. DOI: 10.1016/j06.014

  90. Wiseman C, Sunday S, Becker A. (2005) Impact of the media on adolescent body image. Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America.

  91. Woods S. Untreated recovery from eating disorders. Adolescence. 2004;39:361–71.

  92. Woods SC. The control of food intake: behavioral versus molecular perspectives. Cell Metab. 2009;9(6):489–98.

  93. Woods, V. Neurobiology and yoga for managing anxiety and body image in eating disorders-2 case study presentations. J Eat Disord 3, O17 (2015).